OSTEO-ARTHRITIS

What is Osteo-arthritis?

Osteo-arthritis (OA) is most common form of arthritis affecting mostly the Knees.

How common is Osteo-arthritis?

Osteo-arthritis is most affecting one out of eight people between the ages of 18 and 79. According to Arthritis Foundation, approximately 16 million Americans suffer from Osteo-arthritis, three times as many women as men. Osteo-arthritis has increased recently due to sedentary lifestyle as people walking less, are more over-weight, eat fast food, junk food etc and are not keeping the muscles toned by doing quality exercises. so they are bound to suffer from knee disorders which is simply gravity and weight leading to wearing-out of cartilages. Also more Osteo-arthritis is seen due to increase in awareness and life expectancy, and increase in treatment modalities.

At what age does osteo-arthritis occur?

Most common age for osteo-arthritis is after 60-65 years and this is a normal course of events like losing hair or getting grey hair. But when it occurs in the late 40's or early 50's, then this is due to bad lifestyle.


How does Osteo-arthritis occurs?

Cartilage contains fluid and elastic tissue, and functions to reduce friction as the joint moves. It acts as a shock absorber and as the sliding surface that covers the ends of bones. Osteo-arthritis results from chemical changes in the cartilage that cause it to break down faster than it can be produced.

Knee starts degenerating with age which is more when there is extra weight, diabetes. gout, autoimmune diseases, etc. Gradually the smooth and shiny cartilage between the two bones of the thigh and leg starts wearing out and the bone strikes bone and this leads to a lot of pain and stiffness, especially early in the morning. There is stiffness in the morning and patient requires to take a few steps before he can walk properly.

Previous infection of the joint may predispose to Osteo-arthritis by altering the chemical makeup of cartilage. The weakened cartilage causes it to wears out due to which bone rubs against bone. ultimately leadings to Osteo-arthritis and increased bone density, which may result in bones that are less able to absorb impacts and to protect cartilage from trauma.

What are the conventional treatments for Osteo-arthritis?

Till now there was no known cure for Osteo-arthritis. The conventional treatments available are

  • Decrease the pain with medicines, Herbs and Heat or cold applications
  • Supportive measures like Weight loss, Rest, Nutrition / food supplements
  • Assistive devices to make life easier.
  • Exercise and Paraffin bath etc
  • Surgical treatments for severe Osteo-arthritis with significant loss of cartilage. These include :
  • Arthroscopy for pain relief or to fix the joint
  • Osteotomy to correct joint deformity
  • Arthrodesis to immobilize joint by fixing bones
  • Joint replacement for severe joint deterioration

Surgery for Osteo-arthritis is usually considered a choice surgery unless patient is unfit for surgery. However it may need several months of rehabilitation after surgery and an artificial joint may only last for 10 to 20 years thereafter repeat surgury is needed.

New Electromagnetic Therapeutic Osteo-arthritis Treatment (QMR) with Cytotron:

In comparision to conventional treatment the Electromagnetic Therapeutic Osteo-arthritis Treatment (QMR) presents several advantages as described in the table below:

Comparison

Arthroscopy

Replacement

QMR - Cytotron

Procedure

Endoscopic treatment

Surgical prosthesis replacement

Purely external with beam of Electromagnetic rays

Anaesthesia

Sometimes

Yes

Nil

Blood transfusion

No

May be

No

Scar of cut

Minor

Yes

No

Pain

Yes

Yes

No

Hospital stay

Few hours

Few days

hour daily

Return to work

In days

In days to weeks

Same day

Danger of procedure

+

++

Negligible

Anaesthesia unfit Patients

Possible

Not possible

Possible

Major complications

+

++

Negligible

Procedure deaths

Very Rare

Rare

Nil

Complications

+

++

Not known

Preventive effect

No

No

Yes

Tissue Regeneration

No

No

Often

Acceptance by patients

Reluctant due to risk & expenses

Reluctant due to risk & expenses

Very well accepted.

Acceptance by doctors

Accepted well

Accepted well

Reluctant - new & awareness lacking




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